Indian Journal of Anaesthesia  
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CLINICAL INVESTIGATION
Year : 2007  |  Volume : 51  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 24-27

Endotracheal tube cuff pressures during general anaesthesia while using air versus a 50% mixture of nitrous oxide and oxygen as inflating agents


1 M.D., Asso. Prof., Department of Anaesthesiology Kasturba Medical College, Mangalore, India
2 M.D., D.A., Prof. & Head, Deparment of Anaesthesiology Kasturba Medical College, Mangalore, India

Correspondence Address:
M Ambareesha
M.D., D.A., Prof. & Head, Deparment of Anaesthesiology KasturbaMedicalCollege,Mangalore
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


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The present study was aimed at assessing the efficacy of filling a 50% mixture of nitrous oxide : oxygen (50%N 2 O:O 2 ) in the endotracheal tube cuff to provide stable cuff pressures during general anaesthesia with 67%N 2 O. The endotracheal tube cuff pressures with air (control) as the inflating agent in the tubes were found to have a total mean pressure of 62.60±12.33 at the end of one hour of general anaesthesia. When comparing the endotracheal tube cuff pressures in the Mallinckrodt tubes with that of the Portex tubes, with air as the inflating agent, the Portex tubes showed a significantly lower cuff pressures at the end of one hour. The endotracheal tube cuff pressures with 50%N 2 O:O 2 as the inflating agent showed a total mean pressure of 27.63 ± 3.221 at the end of one hour of general anaesthesia. This indicates that inflation of the cuff of the endotracheal tubes with a 50%N 2 O:O 2 rather than air maintains a stable intra cuff pressure. Therefore, the method of using a 50%N 2 O:O 2 for filling endotracheal tube cuff can be adopted for endotracheal tubes with high-volume, low-pressure cuffs to prevent both excessive cuff pressure and disruption of cuff seal, during general anaesthesia lasting up to one hour.


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