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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2007  |  Volume : 51  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 100

Trauma in pregnancy


1 M.D., FAMS ; Hon. Consultant Anaesthesiologist, Apollo Gleneagles Hospital, Kolkata, India
2 M.D.; Consultant Anaesthesiologist, West bank Hospital, Howrah, India
3 MD ; Asst. Prof., Medical College & Hospital, Kolkata, India
4 D.A.; Medical Officer, B.R. Singh Hospital (Eastern Railway), Kolkata, India
5 M.D.; Registrar,Apollo Gleneagles Hospital, Kolkata, India
6 MD ; Consultant Anaesthesiologist, Apollo Gleneagles Hospital, Kolkata, India
7 DA ; Consultant Anaesthesiologist, Apollo Gleneagles Hospital, Kolkata, India

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Trauma is the most common non-obstetrical cause of death in pregnant women. Pregnancy must always be suspected in any female trauma patient of childbearing age until proved otherwise. Unique changes in anatomy and physiology that takes place during pregnancy alter the pathophysiology and location of maternal injuries in pregnancy, which may be significantly different from the non-pregnant state. Trauma from road traffic accidents, falls and domestic violence are the most common causes of abdominal blunt trauma. As pregnancy progresses, the change of accidental injury increases. Head and neck injuries, respiratory failure, and hypovolemic shock constitute the most frequent causes of trauma related maternal death in pregnancy. Even the pregnant woman with minor injuries should be carefully observed. Initial management is directed at resuscitation and stabilization of the mother that takes precedence over that of the fetus, unless vital signs cannot be maintained and perimortem cesarean section decided upon. Fetal monitoring should be maintained after satisfactory resuscitation and stabilization of the mother. Preventive measures include proper seat belt use and identifying and counseling victims of suspected domestic violence.


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