Indian Journal of Anaesthesia  
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CASE REPORT
Year : 2007  |  Volume : 51  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 225-227

Intravenous magnesium sulfate therapy in severe asthma


1 MD, Consultant & Chairman of Surgical Disciplines, Department of Anaesthesia & ICU, Armed Forces Hospital, Kuwait (AFHK)
2 MD, Sr. Specialist, Department of Anaesthesia & ICU, Armed Forces Hospital, Kuwait (AFHK), Kuwait

Correspondence Address:
P Mandal
Department of Anaesthesia & ICU, Armed Forces Hospital, Kuwait (AFHK)
Kuwait
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


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A 22-year-old female, known asthmatic since seven years, developed severe bronchospasm in the preop­erative period. Bronchospasm remained unresponsive to the inhaled beta-agonist plus anticholinergic, IV ami­nophylline and hydrocortisone but responded quickly with magnesium sulfate® ( PSI, KSA) infusion 1.25gm in 100ml normal saline over 20 minutes and another 1.25 gm over next 30 minutes as the initial infusion showed improvement in her clinical symptoms. Within half an hour of administering the 1st infusion of magnesium sulfate (1.25 gm) the respiratory rate started reducing, rhonchi became less, SpO 2 came upto 92% and re­mained always above 90%. Encouraged by this result IV magnesium sulfate 2.5 gm in 500 ml normal saline was infused over next 24 hours along with alternate salbutamol and ipratropium nebulization every 6 hourly. With this treatment regimen the patient became asymptomatic within next 24 hours with normal clinical parameters and FEV 1 value. Hence it may be concluded that IV magnesium sulfate can be considered for patients with acute severe asthma who do not respond to standard therapeutic medications.


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