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LETTER TO EDITOR
Year : 2011  |  Volume : 55  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 205-206  

Tri-colour concept with the use of LMA CTrach


Department of Anaesthesiology and Critical Care, University College of Medical Sciences and Guru Teg Bahadur Hospital, Delhi, India

Date of Web Publication22-Apr-2011

Correspondence Address:
Geetanjali Chilkoti
Department of Anaesthesiology and Critical Care, A-1404, Jaipuria Sunrise Greens, Ahimsa Khand, Indirapuram, Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh 121 014
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0019-5049.79880

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How to cite this article:
Chilkoti G, Mohta M. Tri-colour concept with the use of LMA CTrach. Indian J Anaesth 2011;55:205-6

How to cite this URL:
Chilkoti G, Mohta M. Tri-colour concept with the use of LMA CTrach. Indian J Anaesth [serial online] 2011 [cited 2019 May 22];55:205-6. Available from: http://www.ijaweb.org/text.asp?2011/55/2/205/79880

Sir,

In the past few years, a new optical intubation device, i.e. laryngeal mask airway (LMA) CTrach has emerged as a useful alternative for the facilitation of tracheal intubation in difficult airway situations provided the interdental distance is ≥25 mm. [1] The LMA CTrach is functionally identical to intubating laryngeal mask airway (ILMA), but in addition has an integrated fibreoptic bundle with liquid crystal display (LCD). This system enables ventilation and allows real-time visualization of endotracheal intubation. [2]

The LMA CTrach is inserted in neutral head position using one handed rotational technique. [2] Following confirmation of the adequate lung ventilation, the viewer is connected to the CTrach and the laryngeal structures are visualized. After obtaining the best laryngeal view, the tracheal tube is passed through the barrel of the CTrach and tracheal intubation is facilitated under direct vision. However, the most common problem encountered with the use of LMA CTrach is the frequent requirement of application of corrective manoeuvres to obtain the best laryngeal view which ultimately determines the success of intubation. [3] The causes of poor view of vocal cords include down folding of the epiglottis, contact with the lens, secretions or fogging of the lens during insertion. [1] If complete view of laryngeal structures is not achieved, the corrective manoeuvres are applied according to the likely causes of poor view which are listed in [Table 1]. These manoeuvres include the technical adjustments, e.g. changes in focus and light intensity and the positional adjustments, e.g. changes in the depth of insertion, external manipulation of the larynx, down-up-down manoeuvre and Chandy's manoeuvre. [1] For down-up-down manoeuvre, the inflated CTrach is slightly pushed down, in case of no improvement in view it is slowly withdrawn from the pharynx by about 6 cm while watching the monitor and then reinserted. This manoeuvre helps in adjusting the depth of insertion and also unfurling the epiglottis.
Table 1: Tri-colour concept


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On initial insertion, if the complete laryngeal view is not seen on the viewer, the presence of three distinct colours, i.e. red, white and black can indicate the likely causes of inadequate view. The knowledge of this tri-colour concept described below can be extremely helpful in obtaining the best laryngeal view and performing intubation successfully through the LMA CTrach

Once the best laryngeal view is achieved, the application of medial-lateral manoeuvre can help in centralizing the glottic aperture on the viewer and finally the application of Chandy's manoeuvre (using the CTrach handle to lift the CTrach cuff away from the posterior pharyngeal wall) at the time of intubation can eventually influence the success of first attempt intubation. [4]

The achievement of the best laryngeal view and facilitation of tracheal intubation through the LMA CTrach can be made simpler by understanding of this tri-colour concept. We feel that the learning of tri-colour concept should be an integral part of the teaching of CTrach use as it can help in increasing the efficacy of this useful airway device in difficult airway situations.

 
   References Top

1.Lopez AM, Valero R, Pons M, Anglada T. Awake intubation using the LMA CTrach in patients with difficult airways. Anaesthesia 2009;64:387-91.  Back to cited text no. 1
    
2.Timmerman A, Russo S, Graf B. Evaluation of the CTrach - an intubating LMA with integrated fiberoptic system. Br J Anaesth2006;96:516-21.   Back to cited text no. 2
    
3.Brain AI, Verghese C, Addy EV, Kapila A, Brimacombe J. The intubating laryngeal mask: A preliminary clinical report of a new means of intubating the trachea. Br J Anaesth1997;79:704-70  Back to cited text no. 3
    
4.Liu EH, Goy R, Chen F. The LMA CTrach TM, a new laryngeal mask airway for endotracheal intubation under vision: Evaluation in 100 patients. Br J Anaesth 2006;96:396-400.  Back to cited text no. 4
    



 
 
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