Indian Journal of Anaesthesia  
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Year : 2011  |  Volume : 55  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 228-234

Parkinson's disease and anaesthesia

Department of Anaesthesiology, KIMS, Hubli, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Safiya I Shaikh
Department of Anaesthesiology, KIMS, Hubli, Karnataka
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0019-5049.82658

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Parkinson's disease (PD), one of the most common disabling neurological diseases, affects about 1% of the population over 60 years of age. It is a degenerative disease of the central nervous system caused by the loss of dopaminergic fibers in basal ganglia of the brain. PD is an important cause of perioperative morbidity and with an increasingly elderly population, it is being encountered with greater frequency in surgical patients. Particular anaesthetic problems in PD include old age, antiparkinsonian drug interaction with anaesthetic drugs and various alterations in the respiratory, cardiovascular, autonomic, and neurological systems. This brief review focuses on the preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative anesthetic management of PD and gives a brief account of intraoperative exacerbation of PDs and anesthetic management of stereotactic pallidotomy.

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