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CLINICAL INVESTIGATION
Year : 2011  |  Volume : 55  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 260-265

Haemodynamic response to endotracheal intubation in coronary artery disease: Direct versus video laryngoscopy


Department of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care, Narayana Hrudayalaya Hospitals, Bangalore, karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Muralidhar Kanchi
Department of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care, Narayana Hrudayalaya Hospitals, #258/A, Bommasandra Industrial Area, Anekal Taluk, Bangalore - 560 099, karnataka
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0019-5049.82673

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Endotracheal intubation involving conventional laryngoscopy elicits a haemodynamic response associated with increased heart and blood pressure. The study was aimed to see if video laryngoscopy and endotracheal intubation has any advantages over conventional laryngoscopy and endotracheal intubation in patients with coronary artery disease. Thirty patients suffering from coronary artery disease scheduled for elective coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) were studied. The patients were randomly allocated to undergo either conventional laryngoscopy (group A) or video laryngoscopy (group B). The time taken to perform endotracheal intubation and haemodynamic changes associated with intubation were noted in both the groups at different time points. The duration of laryngoscopy and intubation was significantly longer in group B (video laryngoscopy) when compared to group A patients. However, haemodynamic changes were no different between the groups. There were no events of myocardial ischaemia as monitored by surface electrocardiography during the study period in either of the groups. In conclusion, video laryngoscopy did not provide any benefit in terms of haemodynamic response to laryngoscopy and intubation in patients undergoing primary CABG with a Mallampatti grade of <2.


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