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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2011  |  Volume : 55  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 476-482

Supraglottic airway devices in children


Department of Anaesthesia, Senior Consultants, Kanchi Kamakoti Childs Trust Hospital, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
S Ramesh
E. 29, Ramakrishna Nagar,RA Puram, Chennai, Tamil Nadu
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0019-5049.89874

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Modern anaesthesia practice in children was made possible by the invention of the endotracheal tube (ET), which made lengthy and complex surgical procedures feasible without the disastrous complications of airway obstruction, aspiration of gastric contents or asphyxia. For decades, endotracheal intubation or bag-and-mask ventilation were the mainstays of airway management. In 1983, this changed with the invention of the laryngeal mask airway (LMA), the first supraglottic airway device that blended features of the facemask with those of the ET, providing ease of placement and hands-free maintenance along with a relatively secure airway. The invention and development of the LMA by Dr. Archie Brain has had a significant impact on the practice of anaesthesia, management of the difficult airway and cardiopulmonary resuscitation in children and neonates. This review article will be a brief about the clinical applications of supraglottic airways in children.


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