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LETTER TO EDITOR
Year : 2012  |  Volume : 56  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 589-590  

Use of prosealTM LMA in mallampati class zero


Department of Anaesthesia, BARC Hospital, Anushakti Nagar, Chembur, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India

Date of Web Publication14-Dec-2012

Correspondence Address:
Sheetal Chiplonkar
Department of Anaesthesia, BARC hospital, Anushakti Nagar, Chembur, Mumbai, Maharashtra
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0019-5049.104589

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How to cite this article:
Chiplonkar S, Toal P, Kate J, Shah A. Use of prosealTM LMA in mallampati class zero. Indian J Anaesth 2012;56:589-90

How to cite this URL:
Chiplonkar S, Toal P, Kate J, Shah A. Use of prosealTM LMA in mallampati class zero. Indian J Anaesth [serial online] 2012 [cited 2019 Sep 21];56:589-90. Available from: http://www.ijaweb.org/text.asp?2012/56/6/589/104589

Sir,

We read with a lot of interest the article "Mallampati class zero, yet another cause?" by Indira G. [1] Mallampati class (MPC) zero patients have been discussed in the context of both easy and difficult tracheal intubation. [2],[3]

Mask ventilation could be difficult in this class of patients due to large overhanging epiglottis. [4] Endotracheal Intubation though easy in most of the cases, may be rendered difficult and traumatic due to attempts to elevate large floppy epiglottis obstructing the glottis. We present a case of MPC zero patient who underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy with a Proseal TM LMA.

62 year old female, height 155 cm, weight 64 kg, ASA 1, with no history of gastro-oesopageal reflux disease, was posted for elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy. She had undergone appendicectomy two years back under general anaesthesia with no. 7 cuffed endotracheal tube (Cormack Lehan- 1). General examination was unremarkable. Airway examination showed Mallampati class zero.

On the day of surgery, intravenous line was secured with 20 G cannula. Routine monitoring included 5 lead ECG, pulsoximeter, Non -invasive blood pressure, capnograph, gas monitoring. After intravenous sedation with inj. Midazolam 1 mg and inj. Fentanyl 100 μg, anaesthesia was induced with inj. Propofol 120 mg. Gentle mask ventilation was easy. Inj. Vecuronium 6 mg was given and Proseal TM LMA no. 4 was introduced after 2 minutes in a single attempt by a qualified anaesthetist. Cuff was inflated with 20 cc of air (till there was no audible leak on positive pressure ventilation). Peak airway pressure was measured as 22 cm of H 2 O and capnograph showed a satisfactory square waveform. LMA cuff pressure was measured and maintained within 60 cm of H 2 O. Anaesthesia was maintained with 50% nitrous oxide in oxygen with 1-1.2% isoflurane, inj. Vecuronium 1 mg top- ups as required. Intraoperatively flexible fiberscope no. 6 was passed through the airway tube of Proseal TM and view of epiglottis along with glottis was noted and graded as 3, [5] (grade 3 = larynx and epiglottis tip of anterior surface seen, <50% visual obstruction of epiglottis to larynx) [Figure 1]. Surgical time was 2 hours and was uneventful. Neuromuscular blockade was reversed at the end of surgery and laryngeal mask was removed without deflating the cuff as soon as patient was breathing spontaneously. Cuff CO 2 measured immediately after removal of laryngeal mask attaching the gas analyzer to the pilot balloon was 41%. [6]
Figure 1: Fibreoptic view through ProsealTM LMA

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Mallampati class zero patients have generated enthusiasm regarding their easy intubation according to some authors or difficult mask ventilation and intubation according to the others. MacCoy laryngoscope can be used to lift the large overhanging epiglottis in such cases. Fibreoptic intubation is an alternative method when available.

In the above case, we chose to put a Proseal TM laryngeal mask with controlled ventilation, which is a routine method of anaesthesia for laparoscopic cholecystectomy in our institute for the patients who have no risk factors for regurgitation and aspiration. Laryngeal mask airway has been used successfully in children with MPC zero. [7] Its use, if documented adequately in adult MPC class zero patients, can save possible traumatic intubations. The fibreoptic view of larynx in our patient was grade 3 which indicates acceptable positioning of LMA. Cuff CO 2 value closer to end tidal CO 2 is an indicator of good pharyngeal seal after 2 hours of anaesthesia.

Thus, use of Proseal TM LMA can avoid traumatic intubations in Mallampati class zero adults though we need more such cases to prove its reliability in this class of patients. Experience of handling LMAs and careful selection of cases is mandatory.

 
   References Top

1.Indira G. Mallampati class'zero'-yet another cause?. Indian J Anaesth 2011;55:54-45.  Back to cited text no. 1
    
2.Sakragi T, Hori K, Shiratake T, Miyawaki J, Ishida M. Tracheal intubation in a adult male with Mallampati class zero airway. Can J Anaesth 2005;52:115-6.  Back to cited text no. 2
    
3.Shastri C, Mahapatro S, Masalgekar D, Sarkar M. A Mallampati class 0 airway. Anaesthesia 2006; 61:807-21.  Back to cited text no. 3
[PUBMED]    
4.Grover VK, Mahajan R, Tomer M. Class zero airway and laryngoscopy. Anesth Analg 2003;96:911.  Back to cited text no. 4
    
5.Jagannathan N, Kozlowski RJ, Sohn LE, Langen KE, Roth AG, Mukherji II, et al. A clinical evaluation of the intubating laryngeal airway as a conduit for Tracheal Intubation in children. Anesth Analg 2011;112:176-82.  Back to cited text no. 5
[PUBMED]    
6.Mues J, Sellers WF. Carbon dioxide in laryngeal mask airway cuffs. Anaesthesia 2004;59:1242-1255.  Back to cited text no. 6
    
7.Okamoto E, Sakuragi T, Sugi Y, Shono S, Higa K. Endotracheal intubation and a laryngeal mask airway in a child with Mallampati class zero airway. Anesth Analg 2004;98:550-60.  Back to cited text no. 7
    


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