Indian Journal of Anaesthesia  
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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2013  |  Volume : 57  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 541-550

Cleaning and sterilisation of anaesthetic equipment


Department of Anaesthesiology, Goa Medical College, Bambolim, Goa, India

Correspondence Address:
Chitra Sanjeev Juwarkar
18/UG 2, Kamat Kinara, Miramar, PO Caranzalem, Goa - 403 002
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0019-5049.120152

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The main purpose of this review article is to bring up what has been known (practiced) about decontamination, disinfection, and sterilisation of anaesthetic equipment. It also discusses how this evidence-based information on infection prevention and control impacts care of patient in routine anaesthesia practice. This review underscores the role played by us, anaesthetists in formulating guidelines, implementing the same, monitoring the outcome and training post-graduate trainees and coworkers in this regard. The article re-emphasises that certain guidelines when followed strictly will go a long way in reducing transmission of hospital acquired infection between patient and anaesthetist or between patients. Anaesthetists do not restrict their work to operating room but are involved in disaster management, interventional radiological procedures and in trauma care. They should ensure that the patients are cared for in clean and safe environment so as to reduce healthcare associated infections (HCAIs) simultaneously taking preventive measures against the various health hazards associated with clinical practice. They should ensure that the coworkers too adopt all the preventive measures while delivering their duties. For this review, we conducted literature searches in Medline (PubMed) and also searched for relevant abstracts and full texts of related articles that we came across. There is much to be learned from the western world where, health care organisations now have legal responsibility to implement changes in accordance with the newer technology to reduce health care associated infection. There is a need to develop evidence-based infection prevention and control programs and set national guidelines for disinfection and sterilisation of anaesthesia equipment which all the institutions should comply with.


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