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Year : 2015  |  Volume : 59  |  Issue : 11  |  Page : 763  

Temperature and cisatracurium degradation: So what is new?


Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India

Date of Web Publication20-Nov-2015

Correspondence Address:
Shilpi Verma
Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Jodhpur, Rajasthan
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0019-5049.170048

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How to cite this article:
Sharma V, Verma S, Biyani G, Bhatia PK. Temperature and cisatracurium degradation: So what is new?. Indian J Anaesth 2015;59:763

How to cite this URL:
Sharma V, Verma S, Biyani G, Bhatia PK. Temperature and cisatracurium degradation: So what is new?. Indian J Anaesth [serial online] 2015 [cited 2019 Sep 21];59:763. Available from: http://www.ijaweb.org/text.asp?2015/59/11/763/170048

Sir,

We read the article 'Cisatracurium degradation: Intravenous fluid warmer the culprit?' by Khan et al. [1] The authors administered cisatracurium through 150 cm long hotline tubing and observed that the drug failed to produce clinical effect. The authors quoted that 'there is no report in the literature suggesting that there is a shortening of its activity or quality of action by enhanced metabolism when administered as an infusion via a channel at higher than body temperature'.

However, there is enough literature to suggest that rise in temperature (body temperature or room temperature) will reduce the potency of cisatracurium as its metabolism is temperature- and pH-dependant. Tewari and Sikora [2] reported increased metabolism of cisatracurium in a patient with fever. In individuals undergoing coronary artery bypass surgery with induced hypothermia, Cammu et al. [3] found that the half-life of cisatracurium during hypothermia gets prolonged. De Winter et al. [4] studied the impact of temperature exposure on stability of drugs and found that cisatracurium is the first drug to lose its potency. The manufacturers also recommend that the drug should be stored at 2-8°C to preserve potency. The rate of loss of potency increases to approximately 5% per month at 25°C. Upon removal from refrigeration to room temperature (25°C), cisatracurium should be used within 21 days.

It is a common practice to avoid the administration of drugs such as cisatracurium through hotline tubing considering its temperature-dependant metabolism. This article just upholds the well-known pharmacokinetic properties of cisatracurium, which were established more than a decade ago.

 
   References Top

1.
Khan RM, Kaul N, Nair RG. Cisatracurium degradation: Intravenous fluid warmer the culprit? Indian J Anaesth 2015;59:323-5.  Back to cited text no. 1
[PUBMED]  Medknow Journal  
2.
Tewari P, Sikora R. Shortened duration of action of atracurium in a patient with pyrexia. Indian J Anaesth 1998;42:61-4.  Back to cited text no. 2
    
3.
Cammu G, Coddens J, Hendrickx J, Deloof T. Dose requirements of infusions of cisatracurium or rocuronium during hypothermic cardiopulmonary bypass. Br J Anaesth 2000;84:587-90.  Back to cited text no. 3
    
4.
De Winter S, Vanbrabant P, Vi NT, Deng X, Spriet I, Van Schepdael A, et al. Impact of temperature exposure on stability of drugs in a real-world out-of-hospital setting. Ann Emerg Med 2013;62:380-7.e1.  Back to cited text no. 4
    




 

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