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Year : 2015  |  Volume : 59  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 9-14

Targeted temperature management in brain protection: An evidence-based review

1 Department of Trauma and Emergency Medicine, Division of Anesthesia and Critical Care, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India
2 Director and Head, Department of Neurosurgery, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Swagata Tripathy
Department of Trauma and Emergency Medicine, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Sijua, Dumuduma, Bhubaneswar - 751 019, Odisha
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0019-5049.149442

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Targeted temperature management (TTM) for neuroprotection involves maintaining the temperature of the brain at predetermined levels by various techniques. It is aimed at avoiding the harmful effects of hyperthermia on the brain and at exploiting the protective effects of lower tissue temperature. There has been an explosion in the use of TTM for neuroprotection in a variety of clinical scenarios apart from the commonly accepted fields of resuscitation and ischaemic, hypoxic encephalopathy. This review briefly discusses the evidence base for TTM. The focus is on various areas of application for neuroprotection, the practical issues pertaining to TTM implementation, the recent data that support it and the present areas of controversy.

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