Indian Journal of Anaesthesia  
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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2017  |  Volume : 61  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 499-504

Comparison of analgesic efficacy of caudal dexmedetomidine versus caudal tramadol with ropivacaine in paediatric infraumbilical surgeries: A prospective, randomised, double-blinded clinical study


Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care, Santosh Medical and Dental College and Hospital, Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Savita Gupta
309, M1, Gulmohar Enclave, Nehru Nagar, Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ija.IJA_712_16

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Background and Aims: Caudal epidural analgesia is commonly practised regional block technique in children undergoing infraumbilical surgeries but has a short duration of action after single shot local anaesthetic injection. The aim of this study was to compare ropivacaine 0.25% with dexmedetomidine and tramadol in caudal anaesthesia in paediatric infraumbilical surgeries. Methods: In a randomised, prospective, double-blinded study, sixty children (1–8 years) belonging to American Society of Anesthesiologists' physical status I or II scheduled for infraumbilical surgeries were included. They were randomly assigned into two groups: Group ropivacaine with tramadol (RT) (n = 30) received 0.25% ropivacaine 1 mL/kg with 2 mg/kg of tramadol, and Group ropivacaine with dexmedetomidine (RD) (n = 30) received 0.25% ropivacaine 1 mL/kg with dexmedetomidine 2 μg/kg. The primary outcome variable was the duration of analgesia, and the secondary outcome variables included motor block, sedation score, time from caudal block to skin incision, emergence time and adverse effects. Results: The mean duration of analgesia was 654.20 ± 78.38 min in Group RT, while in Group RD, it was 780.29 ± 71.21 min (P = 0.0001). The difference between the mean sedation score and mean emergence time between the two groups were statistically significant (P = 0.0001 and 0.0411, respectively). No significant difference was observed in the incidence of haemodynamic changes or side effects. Conclusion: Caudal dexmedetomidine with ropivacaine prolongs post-operative analgesia compared to caudal tramadol with ropivacaine.


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