Indian Journal of Anaesthesia  
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Year : 2018  |  Volume : 62  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 376-380

Feeding obturator as an airway adjunct during complete unilateral cleft palate repair

1 Department of Anaesthesia and Surgical Intensive Care, Alexandria Faculty of Medicine, Alexandria, Egypt
2 Department of Maxillofacial and Plastic Surgery, Alexandria Faculty of Medicine, Alexandria, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Moustafa Abdelaziz Moustafa
Alexandria Faculty of Medicine, Champolion St., Alexandria, 21563
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ija.IJA_714_17

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Background and Aims: The palatal defect and abnormal dentition in cleft palate make mask ventilation and laryngoscopy difficult. This study aimed to assess the effect of feeding obturator on laryngeal view in unilateral complete cleft palate. Methods: Ninety non-syndromic infants scheduled for the first stage correction of complete unilateral cleft palate were randomised to Group A (no feeding obturator) or Group B (obturator used for induction and intubation). The primary objective was to assess effect of the feeding obturator on the Cormack–Lehane grade on laryngoscopy. Effects on face mask ventilation, easiness of laryngoscopy and intubation and the side effects were also measured. Results: Ninety patients completed the study. There was no statistically significant difference between the two groups regarding the CL grade (P < 0.1). However duration for intubation was significantly longer in Group A than Group B (31.4 ± 12.8 vs. 23.4 ± 40.7 sec, P < 0.001). The degree of difficulty of face mask ventilation was significantly greater in Group A than Group B (P < 0.008). Attempts for successful intubation and manoeuvres for successful intubation were significantly more in Group A than B (P < 0.05). Trauma occurred in ten patients in Group A relative to no patients in Group B. Conclusion: Use of a pre-sized obturator in infants with complete unilateral cleft palate does not improve the laryngoscopic view. However, it results in better face mask ventilation and easier and faster laryngoscopy and intubation.

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