Indian Journal of Anaesthesia  
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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 62  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 461-465

Efficacy and safety of Parecoxib for prevention of catheter-related bladder discomfort in patients undergoing transurethral resection of bladder tumor: Prospective randomised trial


1 Department of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care, Faculty of Medicine of Tunis, Charles Nicolle Hospital of Tunis, University of Tunis El Manar, Tunis, Tunisia
2 Department of Medical Epidemiology, Pasteur Institute of Tunis, Tunis, Tunisia
3 Department of Urology, Faculty of Medicine of Tunis, Charles Nicolle Hospital of Tunis, University of Tunis El Manar, Tunis, Tunisia

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Ali Jendoubi
Department of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care, Faculty of Medicine of Tunis, Charles Nicolle Hospital of Tunis, University of Tunis El Manar, Tunis
Tunisia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ija.IJA_137_18

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Background and Aims: Catheter-related bladder discomfort (CRBD) is the urge to void or discomfort in the suprapubic region secondary to an indwelling urinary catheter. We aimed to evaluate the safety and efficacy of single-dose of intravenous parecoxib in reducing the incidence and severity of CRBD in patients undergoing transurethral resection of bladder tumor (TURBT). Methods: Sixty-one adult patients, American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status I or II, undergoing elective TURBT under spinal anaesthesia, were randomly allocated to receive 40 mg of IV parecoxib (group P; n = 29) or an equal volume of normal saline (control group C; n = 32). CRBD was graded as none, mild, moderate, and severe. Between-group comparisons were made for the incidence and severity of CRBD, postoperative Visual analog scales (VAS), rescue analgesia equirements, and occurrence of adverse events. Statistical analysis done with the Mann–Whitney U-test and Fisher's Exact Test. A P value of ≤ 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: Parecoxib significantly reduced the incidence and severity of CRBD at 2, 4, 6, and 12 hours postoperatively compared to placebo (P < 0.05). Median pain VAS scores were lower in the P group at all times except the first hour. Rescue analgesia was given to more patients in group C (16/32, 50%) than in group P (1/29) (P < 0.001). None of the patients who received parecoxib experienced an adverse event. Conclusion: A single intravenous injection of parecoxib is safe and effective in decreasing the incidence and severity of CRBD in patients undergoing TURBT. Trial Registration Identifier: NCT02729935(www.clinicaltrials.gov).


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