Indian Journal of Anaesthesia  
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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 63  |  Issue : 11  |  Page : 932-937

Fascia iliaca compartment block: How far does the local anaesthetic spread and is a real time continuous technique feasible in children?

1 Children's Anaesthesia Services and Surya Children Hospital, S V Road Santacruz West, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
2 Department of Paediatric Orthopaedic Surgery, Children Orthopaedic Centre and Surya Children Hospital, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Vrushali C Ponde
Children's Anaesthesia Services and Department of Anaesthesiology, Surya Children Hospital, S V Road Santacruz, West Mumbai - 400 050, Maharashtra
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ija.IJA_344_19

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Background and Aims: The fascia iliaca compartment block (FICB) is commonly administered in children for anterolateral thigh surgery. The actual spread of the local anaesthetic (LA) beneath the fascial layers in children is not known. We hypothesised that in children there could be a possibility of the LA to reach lumbar plexus with the dose we used. Methods: This study included 25 children, aged 1-15 years for lower limb surgeries after standardised general anesthesia, the FICB was done with ultrasonography. Radio-opaque dye was tagged to LA and the fluoroscopic study was performed. The catheter was placed under ultrasonography. The primary objective was to investigate the fluoroscopic demonstration of the extent of LA spread by our technique and drug volume which is not known in children. The secondary objectives were to evaluate the intraoperative and postoperative analgesic efficacy, complications if any, of the continuous FICB catheters placed by our method. Results: In all patients, the visualisation of ilium and iliacus muscle, the fascia iliaca and needle tip was possible. The fluoroscopic imaging showed that the LA did not spread till the lumbar plexus in 20 patients. In 5 patients, delineated the psoas muscle and reached the L4 vertebral level. The analgesia was adequate. In the postoperative period, 92% had sufficient pain relief. Mild soakage was an issue with catheters. Conclusion: Although single shot fascia iliaca compartment block has limited spread of local anaesthetic in children, it is efficacious. Continuous fascia iliaca compartment block is feasible and effective in this age group.

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