Indian Journal of Anaesthesia  
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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 63  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 15-20

Comparison between macintosh, miller and mccoy laryngoscope blade size 2 in paediatric patients – A randomised controlled trial


1 Institute of Post-Graduate Medical Education and Research and Seth Sukhlal Karnani Memorial Hospital, Kolkata, West Bengal, India
2 Department of Anaesthesiology, Calcutta National Medical College, Kolkata, West Bengal, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Pratishtha Yadav
A 308, Shastri Nagar, Delhi - 110 052
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ija.IJA_307_18

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Background and Aims: Paediatric airway needs special consideration as it is not a miniature replica of adult airway, rather it has different anatomy with different proportion and angulations. This study was conducted with the aim to find a laryngoscope blade that provides best laryngoscopic and intubation conditions in paediatric patients of age 2–6 years. Methods: This trial was conducted in a total of 75 children age 2–6 years, either gender, with American Society of Anesthesiologists grade I or II scheduled for elective surgery under general anaesthesia. They were randomly allocated to groups A, B and C to be intubated with Macintosh, Miller and McCoy blades, respectively. Intubation Difficulty Score (IDS) was considered as primary outcome, and Cormack–Lehane grade and Percentage of Glottic Opening (POGO) score were taken as secondary outcome. Data were compared by ANOVA or Kruskal-Wallis or chi square test using Statistica, SPSS and GraphPad Prism softwares. P < 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: IDS score was significantly lower (P = 0.002) in group B (0.6 ± 0.7) as compared to group A (1.4 ± 0.9) and group C (1.3 ± 1.1); majority of patients in group B (48%) had Cormack–Lehane grade Ι (P = 0.002) unlike group A (0%) and group C (20%) and POGO score (P < 0.001) was higher in group B (86 ± 23.4) when compared with groups A (68.2 ± 20.5) and C (59.8 ± 28.9). Haemodynamic changes and other intubation parameters were comparable among the groups. Conclusion: Miller blade may be considered superior to Macintosh and McCoy blades in terms of glottic visualisation and ease of intubation in paediatric patients.


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