Indian Journal of Anaesthesia  
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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 63  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 84-91

Perioperative anaesthetic concerns in transgender patients: Indian perspective

1 Department of Anaesthesiology, Rajiv Gandhi Cancer Institute and Research Centre, Delhi, India
2 Department of Anaesthesiology, Pain and Critical Care, Dr BRAIRCH, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India
3 Department of Onco-Anaesthesiology and Palliative Medicine, Dr BRAIRCH, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Puneet Khanna
Department of Anaesthesiology, Pain Medicine and Critical Care, Teaching Block, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Ansari Nagar, New Delhi - 110 029
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ija.IJA_640_18

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Medical care of transgender patients is not only legally bound but also ethically required. Globally, 0.5%–0.9% of the adult population exhibits a gender different from their birth sex, but there is a dearth of transgender-friendly hospitals stemming from ignorance to disdain for this marginalised community. With gradually increasing acceptance of the transgender patients in the society, healthcare professionals must gear up to deal with issues specific and unique to this group of population. These concerns remain important to understand for an optimal perioperative care. The medical concerns transcend international boundaries, whereas legal, social, economic and psychological concerns vary from place to place. There is a need for modification of curriculum and training for healthcare personnel to foster sensitivity and empathy in patient dealing, to allow for an unbiased optimal healthcare. Such patients require a thorough assessment in a comfortable environment considering their specific needs. A plan for perioperative care needs to be done and discussed with the patient and the perioperative care team as well. There is scarce literature with regard to perioperative care in the transgender patients and hence requires more research.

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