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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 63  |  Issue : 9  |  Page : 763-770

Postoperative anaesthetic concerns in children: Postoperative pain, emergence delirium and postoperative nausea and vomiting


Department of Anaesthesiology, Gandhi Medical College, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Shikha Mehrotra
Department of Anaesthesiology, Gandhi Medical College, Bhopal - 462 001, Madhya Pradesh
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ija.IJA_391_19

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The incidence of anaesthetic complications in children is much more than in adults and sometimes with a severe outcome. Patients under one year of age, those with co-morbidities and posted for emergency surgery are at increased risk for morbidities. Sources of information on the risk involved come from institutional audit, closed claim analysis, and large-scale studies of cardiac arrest. A strategy for preventing postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV), emergence delirium (ED) and postoperative pain should be a part of every anaesthetic plan. A planned multimodal approach should be opted consisting of nonpharmacologic and pharmacologic prophylaxis along with interventions to reduce the baseline risks. The literature in this subject is reviewed extensively to give comprehensive information to postgraduate students about the current understanding of postoperative anaesthetic concerns. Relevant articles from Pub med, review articles, meta-analysis, and editorials were the primary source of information for this article.


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