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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 64  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 11-17

Supraglottic jet oxygenation and ventilation – A novel ventilation technique


Department of Anaesthesia, Critical Care and Pain, Tata Memorial Hospital and Homi Bhabha National Institute, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Sushan Gupta
Lodha Paradise, VFVA Society, Majiwada West, Thane, Maharashtra
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ija.IJA_597_19

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Supraglottic jet oxygenation and ventilation (SJOV) is a novel minimally invasive supraglottic technique of jet ventilation which has shown superior results in maintaining oxygenation without any major complications. Theoretically, it could maintain PaO2and PaCO2 within physiological limits for as long as required, the maximum duration reported till now is 45 min. The distinct advantage of SJOV over techniques of nasal oxygenation is its ability to record EtCO2during the periods of ventilation. In addition, it also provides reliable airway access by the blind passage of the endotracheal tube into the trachea with a high success rate even in Cormack-Lehane-III (CLIII) grading patients. Potential complications seen with SJOV include nasal bleed and sore throat. No studies have shown to cause severe barotrauma. In this article, we review the evidence regarding oxygenation, ventilation, indications, airway patency and complications of SJOV in comparison to other more commonly used supraglottic oxygenation and ventilation devices.


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