Indian Journal of Anaesthesia  
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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 64  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 109-117

Outcomes of intrathecal analgesia in multiparous women undergoing normal vaginal delivery: A randomised controlled trial

Department of Anaesthesiology, Faculty of Medicine, Menoufia University, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Gaballah M Khaled
Department of Anaesthesiology, Faculty of Medicine, Menoufia University, Egypt. 25 Yassin Abdel - Ghaffar Street, Shebin el-kom, Menoufia, P.O: 32511
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ija.IJA_572_19

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Background and Aims: Although intrathecal analgesia is an effective option during labour, there is a need to establish sustainable and assured analgesia during the entire labour process. We aimed to assess the effect of adding dexmedetomidine, fentanyl or morphine to low-dose bupivacaine-dexamethasone for intrathecal labour analgesia in multiparous women. Methods: This was a triple-blind, randomised controlled trial that included 140 multiparous women. Eligible women were randomly allocated to have intrathecal bupivacaine-dexamethasone with dexmedetomidine (group D), fentanyl (group F), morphine (group M) or saline (placebo) (group C). The duration of analgesia, intrathecal block characteristics and maternal and foetal outcomes were assessed and analysed. Results: The longest analgesia duration and S1 regression time was recorded in group D followed by groups M, F and C, respectively, with statistical significance between all of them (P < 0.001). The shortest analgesia onset time and the highest sensory levels were recorded in group D followed by group F then group M with statistical significance between all of them (P < 0.001 and 0.003, respectively). Visual analogue scale values were comparable among groups M, F and D (P > 0.05) at most of the measurement time points and at the peak of the last uterine contraction before delivery while being significantly lower than those in group C (P < 0.001). However, there were similar motor block characteristics and normal neonatal outcomes in all groups. Conclusion: In comparison to morphine and fentanyl, dexmedetomidine addition to intrathecal bupivacaine-dexamethasone significantly prolonged the duration and accelerated the onset of labour analgesia, with a good maternal and neonatal outcome.

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