Indian Journal of Anaesthesia

LETTER TO EDITOR
Year
: 2019  |  Volume : 63  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 420--421

Looped suction catheter in an i-gel™; something to worry about or much ado about nothing?


B Naveen Naik1, Venkata Ganesh2, Vikas Saini2, Tanvir Samra2,  
1 Department of Anaesthesia and Critical Care, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research, Puducherry, India
2 Department of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Vikas Saini
Department of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Sector 12, Chandigarh - 160 012
India




How to cite this article:
Naik B N, Ganesh V, Saini V, Samra T. Looped suction catheter in an i-gel™; something to worry about or much ado about nothing?.Indian J Anaesth 2019;63:420-421


How to cite this URL:
Naik B N, Ganesh V, Saini V, Samra T. Looped suction catheter in an i-gel™; something to worry about or much ado about nothing?. Indian J Anaesth [serial online] 2019 [cited 2019 Sep 17 ];63:420-421
Available from: http://www.ijaweb.org/text.asp?2019/63/5/420/258070


Full Text



Sir,

We describe a case in which a suction catheter inserted through the gastric drain channel of an i-gel™ (size 3) was found emerging into the shaft (airway channel). The semitransparent nature of the device enabled its recognition. We discuss the clinical implications of the suction catheter malpositioning in the airway device and suggest preventive and remedial measures.

A 22-year-old female patient with American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status I (ASA PS I) scheduled for nanofat grafting for a scar over left forehead was administered general anaesthesia and the airway was secured with i-gel™ (size 3). A 10 Fr suction catheter was inserted smoothly through gastric drain channel without resistance. Anaesthesia was maintained with spontaneous ventilation under a 40:60 oxygen-nitrous mixture with a total of 1 MAC sevoflurane. The surgical duration was 1 h and no issues with ventilation or oxygenation were noticed on the standard monitors. A careful examination through the semitransparent shaft of the airway device revealed a looped suction catheter which was also confirmed after removal of the i-gel™ at the end of surgery [Figure 1]a and [Figure 1]b.{Figure 1}

Impaction of suction catheter in preformed nasal endotracheal tube (ETT) has been reported in a paediatric dental patient.[1] Resistance to pull out suction catheter, which has entered Murphy eye of ETT has been described by Jagannathan and Pak.[2] Gupta et al. reported a case of impaction of suction catheter within ETT even though the catheter was of recommended size and there was no knotting inside the ETT.[3] Dubey and Sanjeev have reported impaction of suction catheter in paediatric ETT as these ETT have a smaller lumen and sharper curve.[4] Perilli et al. proclaimed improved success rate during ProSeal laryngeal mask airway (PLMA) insertion using suction catheter. They showed the main cause of failed PLMA insertion with suction catheter technique was misplacement of the suction catheter.[5] Our patient did not have any gastric regurgitation but a looped suction catheter increases risk of aspiration of gastric contents because i-gel™ has lower sealing pressures among the second generation supraglottic airway devices, making it less safe for patients at increased risk of aspiration. This report brings to light that such unexpected complications may occur and thus a prompt visual inspection of the transparent body of the i-gel™ after insertion should be made to recognize any malpositioning of the suction catheter. Correct placement of the suction catheter in the gastric tube should be assessed by conventional auscultation method. Supraglottic airway devices are associated with various complications.[6] This is the first report of a malpositioned suction catheter within the i-gel™.

Declaration of patient consent

The authors certify that they have obtained all appropriate patient consent forms. In the form the patient(s) has/have given his/her/their consent for his/her/their images and other clinical information to be reported in the journal. The patients understand that their names and initials will not be published and due efforts will be made to conceal their identity, but anonymity cannot be guaranteed.

Financial support and sponsorship

Nil.

Conflicts of interest

There are no conflicts of interest.

References

1Takrouri MS, Nafakh R, Abbas AA. Suction catheter impaction in preformed nasal endotracheal tube (PNETT) during pediatric dental anesthesia-hazard notice. Internet J Anesthesiol 2008;22:1.
2Jagannathan N, Pak TY. An unusual complication of endotracheal tube suctioning. J Anesth 2009;23:170-1.
3Gupta A, Mohta A, Kamal G, Bathla S. Impaction of suction catheter-Complication of endotracheal suctioning. Indian J Crit Care Med 2010;14:222.
4Dubey PK, Sanjeev OP. Impaction of suction catheter during paediatric anaesthesia. Anaesthesia 2013;68:102-18.
5Perilli V, Aceto P, Sacco T, Martella N, Cazzato MT, Sollazzi L. Suction catheter guided insertion of ProSeal laryngeal mask airway: Experience by untrained physicians. Indian J Anaesth 2014;58:25-9.
6Michalek P, Donaldson W, Vobrubova E, Hakl M. Complications associated with the use of supraglottic airway devices in perioperative medicine. Biomed Res Int 2015;2015:746560.