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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2008  |  Volume : 52  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 13

Anaesthetic and Intensive Care Management of Traumatic Cervical Spine Injury


Professor of Neuroanaesthesia, National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences (NIMHANS), Bangalore 560 029., India

Correspondence Address:
G S Umamaheswara Rao
Professor of Neuroanaesthesia, National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences (NIMHANS), Bangalore, 560020.
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


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Trauma to the cervical spine may have devastating consequences. Timely interventions are essential to prevent avoidable neurological deterioration. In the initial stabilization of patients with acute cervical spine injuries, physiological disturbances, especially those involving cardiac and respiratory function require careful attention. Early surgery, which facilitates rapid mobi­lization of the patient, is fraught with important management considerations in the intraopoerative period and the subsequent critical care. Airway management poses a crucial challenge at this stage. Those patients who survive the injury with quadriplegia or quadriparesis may present themselves for incidental surgical procedures. Chronic systemic manifestations in these patients require attention in providing anaesthesia and postoperative care at this stage. The current review provides an insight into the physiological disturbances and the management issues in both acute and chronic phases of traumatic cervical spine injury.


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