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CLINICAL INVESTIGATION
Year : 2009  |  Volume : 53  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 30-34

Intrathecal Catheterization by Epidural Catheter: Management of Accidental Dural Puncture and Prophylaxis of PDPH


1 Senior Consultant and Head of the Department, Tata Motors Hospital, Jamshedpur- 831001, Jharkhand, India
2 Consultant, Tata Motors Hospital, Jamshedpur- 831001, Jharkhand, India
3 Senior Registrar, Tata Motors Hospital, Jamshedpur- 831001, Jharkhand, India
4 Senior Medical Officer, Department of Anaesthesia, Tata Motors Hospital, Jamshedpur- 831001, Jharkhand, India

Correspondence Address:
Ashok Jadon
44, Beldih Lake Flats,Dhatkidih,Jamshedpur-831001, Jharkhand
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


PMID: 20640074

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Accidental or inadvertent dural puncture during epidural anaesthesia results in high incidence of post dural puncture headache (PDPH). Spinal or intrathecal catheter in such a situation, provides aconduit for administration of appropriate local anaesthetic for rapid onset of intraoperative surgical anaesthesia and postoperative pain relief. This procedure prevents PDPH if catheter left in situ for > 24 hrs and also avoids the associated risks with a repeat attempts at epidural analgesia. Primary aim of this study was to observe the effect of spinal catheter on incidence of PDPH, and to assess early and delayed complications of spinal catheterization by epidural catheter. In prospective clinical study 34 patients who had accidental dural puncture during epidural anaesthesia were included. The catheter meant for epidural use was inserted in spinal space and used for spinal anaesthesia and postoperative analgesia. Catheter was removed between 24-36hrs after surgery. The incidence of accidental dural puncture was 4% (34/ 846). Two patients 5.88% (2/34) had transient pares­thesia duringspinal catheter insertion. Postdural puncture headache occurred in 11.76% (4/34) patients. Two patients required epidural blood patch and two patients were managed with conservative treatment. No patient had any serious intraoperative or postoperative side effects. Epidural catheter can be used as spinal catheter to manage accidental dural puncture without serious complica­tions, and it also prevents PDPH.


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