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Year : 2011  |  Volume : 55  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 146-153

Obstetric critical care: A prospective analysis of clinical characteristics, predictability, and fetomaternal outcome in a new dedicated obstetric intensive care unit

Department of Anaesthesiology and Critical Care, R.N.T. Medical College, Udaipur, India

Correspondence Address:
Sunanda Gupta
26, Navratna Complex, Near Bedla Road, Udaipur - 313 004, Rajasthan
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0019-5049.79895

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A 1 year prospective analysis of all critically ill obstetric patients admitted to a newly developed dedicated obstetric intensive care unit (ICU) was done in order to characterize causes of admissions, interventions required, course and foetal maternal outcome. Utilization of mortality probability model II (MPM II) at admission for predicting maternal mortality was also assessed.During this period there were 16,756 deliveries with 79 maternal deaths (maternal mortality rate 4.7/1000 deliveries). There were 24 ICU admissions (ICU utilization ratio 0.14%) with mean age of 25.21±4.075 years and mean gestational age of 36.04±3.862 weeks. Postpartum admissions were significantly higher (83.33% n=20, P<0.05) with more patients presenting with obstetric complications (91.66%, n=22, P<0.01) as compared to medical complications (8.32% n=2). Obstetric haemorrhage (n=15, 62.5%) and haemodynamic instability (n=20, 83.33%) were considered to be significant risk factors for ICU admission (P=0.000). Inotropic support was required in 22 patients (91.66%) while 17 patients (70.83%) required ventilatory support but they did not contribute to risk factors for poor outcome. The mean duration of ventilation (30.17±21.65 h) and ICU stay (39.42±33.70 h) were of significantly longer duration in survivors (P=0.01, P=0.00 respectively) versus non-survivors. The observed mortality (n=10, 41.67%) was significantly higher than MPM II predicted death rate (26.43%, P=0.002). We conclude that obstetric haemorrhage leading to haemodynamic instability remains the leading cause of ICU admission and MPM II scores at admission under predict the maternal mortality.

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