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Year : 2017  |  Volume : 61  |  Issue : 9  |  Page : 744-752

Congenital heart diseases and anaesthesia

1 Dr. D. Y. Patil Medical College Hospital and Research Centre, Pimpri, Maharashtra, India
2 Department of Anaesthesia, Deenanath Mangeshkar Hospital and Research Centre, Pune, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Vinayak Desurkar
Department of Anaesthesia, Deenanath Mangeshkar Hospital and Research Centre, Pune - 411 004, Maharashtra
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ija.IJA_415_17

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Patients with congenital heart diseases (CHDs) are at increased risk of developing complications during anaesthesia. Improvements in medical and surgical management in recent decades have resulted in significantly more children with CHD surviving to adulthood. The aim of this article is to focus on broad classification of CHD and to provide an updated review on the current perioperative anaesthetic management of CHD patients in different settings such as (a) interventional cardiac procedures that have dominated the field, (b) uncorrected patients for non-cardiac surgery and (c) corrected patients for non-cardiac surgery. The complexity of the defects along with a variety of non-cardiac surgery makes it impossible to have one single-anaesthesia technique. Search on Ovid, PubMed, Google Scholar and Medline were done with MeSH terms such as 'congenital heart disease', 'cardiac catheterisation', 'anaesthetic management' and 'non-cardiac surgery' mainly focusing on review articles and controlled studies for preparing the article.

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