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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 63  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 350-355

A prospective survey on knowledge, attitude and current practices of pre-operative fasting amongst anaesthesiologists: A nationwide survey

1 Department of Anaesthesiology and Critical Care, Hamdard Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, New Delhi, India
2 Department of Anaesthesia and Critical Care, Vardhman Mahavir Medical College and Safdarjang Hospital, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Pratibha Panjiar
16, Sadhna Enclave, Second Floor, New Delhi - 110 017
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ija.IJA_50_19

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Background and Aims: Pre-operative fasting is a routine practice to minimise the risk of pulmonary aspiration. The leading societies of anaesthesia have adopted more liberal fasting guidelines to avoid the adverse effect of prolonged fasting. This survey was conducted to assess the knowledge, attitude and current practice of fasting guidelines among Indian anaesthesiologists and to analyse the reasons for non-compliance of these guidelines. Methods: A questionnaire consisted of 11 questions was distributed via 'Survey Monkey' software to 621 anaesthesiologists who attended the annual conference of the Indian Society of Anaesthesiologists held in Ludhiana, in 2016. American Society of Anaesthesiologists (ASA) practice guidelines for fasting were the standard of assessment. Results: The response rate to the survey was 52%. Of the respondents, 69% described correctly the practice guidelines to pre-operative fasting. Only seven percent respondents were aware of the benefits of liberalised fasting. More than 2/3rd of the respondents advised fasting as per ASA guidelines during pre-anaesthetic check-up (PAC). However, only about 50% respondents confirmed that these guidelines are actually followed in their institution. Not having control on scheduling of cases in operation theatre and poor knowledge of ward nurses and surgeons were the common reasons for non-compliance of these guidelines. Twenty four percent respondents did not use routinely any drug for aspiration prophylaxis. Conclusion: Majority of the respondents were aware of the ASA fasting guidelines. However, the implementation of the guidelines and knowledge regarding benefits of liberalised fasting is poor among respondents.

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