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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 63  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 394-399

Development and validation of a questionnaire for a survey on perioperative fasting practices in India

1 Department of Anaesthesiology, ESICMC-PGIMSR, Rajajinagar, Bangalore, Karnataka, India
2 Department of Anaesthesiology, Vijayanagar Institute of Medical Sciences, Ballari, Karnataka, India
3 Department of Anaesthesiology, Dr. B R Ambedkar Medical College, Bangalore, Karnataka, India
4 Department of Biostatistics, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India
5 Department of Anaesthesiology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India
6 Department of Anaesthesiology, Bangalore Medical College and Research Institute, Bangalore, Karnataka, India
7 Department of Anaesthesiology, Dharwad Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences, Dharwad, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Pradeep A Dongare
Department of Anaesthesiology, ESICMC.PGIMSR, Rajajinagar, Bangalore - 560 010, Karnataka
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ija.IJA_118_19

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Background and Aims: Perioperative fasting guidelines have been published and updated to standardise practices. Hence, Indian Society of Anaesthesiologists decided to conduct a survey to assess the fasting practices and the food habits across India, which would be subsequently used for developing preoperative fasting guidelines for the Indian population. We detail and discuss herewith the content validity of the questionnaire developed for the survey. Methods: Thirty-six questions related to perioperative fasting practices were framed based on the collected evidence and relevance to regional diet and concerns. Subsequently, an information sheet was prepared and sent to 10 experts to grade each question. The responses were tabulated, and item-wise content validity index (I-CVI), scale-wise content validity index (S-CVI) and modified kappa statistic were calculated in Microsoft Excel sheet. Results: Seven of the 10 experts completed the assessment and grading as per the instructions provided and submitted a completed proforma. S-CVI for relevance, simplicity, clarity and ambiguity was 0.72, 0.86, 0.72 and 0.72, respectively. S-CVI/average or average congruency percentagewas 0.95, 0.97, 0.95 and 0.95 for relevance, simplicity, clarity and ambiguity, respectively. Question 2 received an I-CVI of 0.71 in terms of clarity and question 23 received an I-CVI of 0.71. They were modified as persuggestions of the experts. Conclusion: We conclude that our questionnaire designed to ascertain the preoperative fasting practices for a surveymet the content validity criteria both by qualitative and quantitative analyses.

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