Indian Journal of Anaesthesia

CLINICAL INVESTIGATION
Year
: 2015  |  Volume : 59  |  Issue : 7  |  Page : 421--427

A prospective, randomised, clinical study to compare the use of McGrath ® , Truview ® and Macintosh laryngoscopes for endotracheal intubation by novice and experienced Anaesthesiologists


Sumitra G Bakshi, Vinayak S Vanjari, Jigeeshu V Divatia 
 Department of Anaesthesia, Critical Care and Pain, Tata Memorial Hospital, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Sumitra G Bakshi
Department of Anaesthesia, Critical Care and Pain, Tata Memorial Hospital, Mumbai, Maharashtra
India

Background and Aims: Video laryngoscopy has been recommended as an alternative during difficult conventional direct laryngoscopy using the Macintosh blade (MAC). However, successful visualisation of the larynx and tracheal intubation using some of the indirect laryngoscopes or video laryngoscopes (VL) requires hand-eye coordination. We conducted this study to determine whether non-channel VLs are easy to use for novices and whether there is any association between expertise with MAC and ease of tracheal intubation with VLs. Methods: Anaesthesiologists participating in the study were divided into three groups: Group novice to intubation (NTI), Group novice to videoscope (NVL)- experienced with MAC, novice to VLs and Group expert (EXP) experienced in all. Group NTI, NVL received prior mannequin training. VLs- Truview ® and McGrath series 5 (MGR) were compared with MAC. One hundred and twenty six adult patients with normal airway were randomised to both, the intubating anaesthesiologist and laryngoscope. The time taken to intubate (TTI) and participants«SQ» rating of the ease of use was recorded on a scale of 1-10 (10-most difficult). Results: In Group NTI, there was no difference in mean TTI with the three scopes (P = 0.938). In Group NVL, TTI was longer with the VLs than MAC (P < 0.001). In Group EXP, TTI with VL took 20 s more (P < 0.001). There was significant difference in participants«SQ» rating of ease of use of laryngoscope in Group NVL (P = 0.001) but not in the NTI (P = 0.205), EXP (P = 0.529) groups. A high failure was seen with MGR in Group NTI and NVL. Conclusion: In Group NTI, TTI and the ease of use were similar for all scopes. Expertise with standard direct laryngoscopy does not translate to expertise with VLs. Separate training and experience with VLs is required.


How to cite this article:
Bakshi SG, Vanjari VS, Divatia JV. A prospective, randomised, clinical study to compare the use of McGrath ® , Truview ® and Macintosh laryngoscopes for endotracheal intubation by novice and experienced Anaesthesiologists.Indian J Anaesth 2015;59:421-427


How to cite this URL:
Bakshi SG, Vanjari VS, Divatia JV. A prospective, randomised, clinical study to compare the use of McGrath ® , Truview ® and Macintosh laryngoscopes for endotracheal intubation by novice and experienced Anaesthesiologists. Indian J Anaesth [serial online] 2015 [cited 2021 Feb 25 ];59:421-427
Available from: https://www.ijaweb.org/article.asp?issn=0019-5049;year=2015;volume=59;issue=7;spage=421;epage=427;aulast=Bakshi;type=0